The Chinese government itself defined in 2008 in the first Document on China's Policy towards Latin America (or "first White Paper on Latin America") the links between Latin America and the Asian giant as two complementary economies and highlighted the "extensive geography" and the "abundant natural resources" existing in the region. After the publication of this mobile phone number list document, a period of greater presence of Chinese capital in Latin America begins. Thus, between 1990 and 2009 the total flow of FDI from China in Latin America was 6,300 million dollars and for the year 2010 alone it exceeded 10,000 million dollars , a figure that has been mobile phone number list sustained over time.
Although the phenomenon of the active presence of Chinese companies in Latin America is recent, we risk making a periodization. A first period, beginning in 2010, can be referred to as the "incipient" landing or the "post first White Paper" moment, in which FDI was mobile phone number list directed mainly to the hydrocarbon sector and, to a lesser extent, to mining, infrastructure and the financial sector. A second moment, which we call "expansion of China's presence in strategic sectors", can be dated from the First China-Celac Ministerial Meeting in January 2015.
What characterizes it is the generalized expansion within the energy sector (hydrocarbons , but also solar and wind energy, large hydroelectric mobile phone number list dams and even nuclear announcements) and infrastructure -with a marked interest in bi-oceanic connectivity-. China's presence in various countries is now sustained, as pointed out by a Sustainable mobile phone number list Latin America report , in direct contracts with different governments or in the financing of investment projects through its development banks, especially the China Development Bank (CDB). It is highly relevant to highlight some characteristics common to the two periods: the reduced or null technology transfer;